To understand how robots of the future are becoming more prevalent today, it requires a brief look at the history of robots, its roles and its transformation in practical, medical, military and many more industries.
Robots – A Brief History
Robots in history date as far back as Medieval and ancient times where basic tools and contraptions included automated functions to perform simple tasks. The 18th century saw the arrival of cam operations including moving clock arms while the 19th century introduced fuel such as steam to support production and machinery in ever expanding factories, motor vehicle and clinical spheres. The inspiration for robots included the need for efficient manufacture in the industrial field, but the 1960s revealed the first robot creators led by Joseph Engelberger and automated machinery for General Motors. Based on the demand for faster, more reliable and precise features, robotics continued to change into the late 20th century across the world.
Microcomputing in the late 80s helped change slow and outdated processers to produce “thinking” robots that responded to its environment incorporating human-like behaviors. Sensors, cameras and advanced software have developed independently operating machinery and robotic figures that run on highly specialized programs. A demand for less human error and higher levels of accuracy in production aim to save organizational operating costs and make redundant or high-risk jobs easier. Today, man and machine share an important relationship. Robots have transformed the ways basic and more complex tasks are performed on a small to large scale.
Robotics in Military and Policing Applications
In law enforcement, a rise in robotics and highly advanced technology has minimized the threat to human life by performing high-risk procedures. Computerized equipment examines suspicious packages for explosive devices including the use of Explosive Ordinance Robots and mine sweepers. The devices were created to identify and dispose of harmful objects in a safe and controlled manner for police and army services. Drones are applied for surveillance purposes including the detection of opposing operations, mapping and processes created to provide safe passage for soldiers. Unmanned autonomous flying aircraft incorporate sensors and cameras to drop targeted missiles in military operations. These combat aerial vehicles consist of sophisticated technology. While drones were first developed in the early 1970s, these devices have transformed into micro planes for surveillance, Class II equipment for tactical purposes including damage evaluation to protect soldiers, and large Class III craft to spot enemy movement.
Robotics offer numerus practical applications that we cannot live without. Machines with computerized function are prominent in the manufacture of vehicles delivering fast service and precision results. In clinical procedure and major surgery, robotic arms are operated by qualified surgeons to deliver precision, minimize risk and reduce the need for major incisions and long, complex recovery. Inspecting and cleaning hazardous apparatus are performed with robots helping to view minute details that would otherwise be missed. The devices can move into spaces that would otherwise prove humanly impossible. Reliance on robots has become a necessity in many modern living applications. It makes operations efficient, simpler and safer. Modifications in software and hardware and the need to reduce risk to human life have given rise to policing robots. These law enforcement machines are highly specialized with cameras, infrared technology, sensors, and location services to assist the public and help find criminal suspects. Police rely on robots to examine bomb threats and hostage situations. Robotic management prevents endangering the lives of law abiding citizens.